Welcome to my home page. Here you will find brief information about my research and teaching activities. My research interests are primarily focused on electrochemical devices and heterogeneous catalysis. Specifically our fuel cell research is focused on the development of models for various physical and chemical processes that occur in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells. Fuel cells based on paper support and laminar flow fuel cells for application in micro-nano systems that consume milli-watts of power are other research interests of our group. Our research on heterogeneous catalysis is focused on CO2 valorization, development of kinetic models and reactor modeling. More about my research and teaching activities can be found on the relevant pages. I am very keen to collaborate with people from within academia and industry, so after going through my research and teaching activities please get in touch if you have common interest.

Contact Details

  • Vinod Janardhanan
    Room# 107, Academic block-A
    Department of Chemical Engineering
  • Email: vj [at] che.iith.ac dot in
  • Phone: +91-40-2301-6204


Very broadly our research efforts are primarily in the multiscale modeling of chemically reacting flows with significant emphasis on the chemistry. We integrate detailed chemistry (gasphase/surface) with physically based models of of the chemical reactor. Presently we are looking at the application of chemically reacting flows in fuel cells, electrolyzers, and catalytic reactors.

Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers

Our fuel cell research is primarily focused on multi-scale modeling of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs). Specifically we are looking at the development of kinetic models for predicting the performance and degradation of SOFCs and HT-PEMFCs that are operated on contaminated fuels such as H2S in the case of SOFCs and CO in the case of HT-PEMFCs. In addition to studying the effect of fuel contamination on cell performance, we are also studying other degradation mechanisms in both these cell types. SOFCs and PEMFCs are basically used for high power density applications, however, there are several applications that require power only in milli-watts rage. In this respect we are exploring paper based fuel cells and laminar flow fuel cells by performing experiments.

There is a growing interest for reverse operating the SOFCs to electrolyse H2O and CO2. Our work on electrolysis is aimed at the development of electrochemical models for CO2 electrolysis and co-electrolysis of CO2 and H2O. This is tightly integrated with our ongoing work on SOFC.

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Our current interest is in studying the catalytic conversion of hydrocarbon fuels and the associated catalyst deactivation phenomena. We focus our research on developing detailed kinetic models for predicting the time on stream catalyst deactivation and product selectivity. We collect the data required to develop the models by performing experiments under well defined conditions, and perform multiscale modeling of the catalytic reactor for validating the kinetic models. Another aspect of our catalyst research is the conversion of CO2 to fuel and chemicals. India being a country with no scope of geological sequestration of CO2, the only option left is the conversion of CO2 into value added chemicals and fuels.

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Book Chapters

  1. Vinod M. Janardhanan and Olaf Deutschmann. Computational fluid dynamics of catalytic reactors. In modeling of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions: From the molecular processes to the technical system. O. Deutschmann (Ed.) Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2011 (DOI: 10.1002/9783527639878.ch8)


  1. Direct paper based fuel cells for micro-nano systems, Sweta Lal, Melepurath Deepa, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Kirti Chandra Sahu, 3515/CHE/2015 (filed)



  1. Prakash V. Ponugoti, Pritesh Garg, Sanjana N. Geddam, Samik Nag, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Kinetics of iron oxide reduction using CO: Experiments and modeling, Chem. Eng. J 434, 134384 (2022) (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2021.134384)
  2. Vinod M. Janardhanan* and Dayadeep Monder, Microkinetic modeling of CO2 reduction on Pt in a solid oxide electrolysis cell, Electrochim. Acta 410, 139742 (2022) (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2021.139742)
  3. 2021

  4. Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Microkinetic modeling of CO2 and H2O electrolysis on Ni in a solid oxide electrolysis cell: A critical evaluation, J. Electrochem. Soc. 168, 124507 (2021) (https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ac40c8)
  5. Vivek Pawar, Prakash V. Ponugoti, Vinod M. Janardhanan and Srinivas Appari, "Experimental studies of catalyst deactivation due to carbon and sulphur during CO2 reforming of CH4 over Ni washcoated monolith in the presence of H2S, Can. J. Chem. Eng. (accepted) ( https://doi.org/10.1002/cjce.24266)
  6. Ramakrishna Chava, Devendra Purbia, Banasri Roy, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Bahurdeen A, Srinivas Appari, Effect of calcination time on the catalytic activity of Ni/gamma-Al2O3 cordierite monolith for dry reforming of biogas, Int. J. of Hydrogen Energy, 46, 6341-6357 (2021) (doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.11.125)
  7. 2020

  8. Prakash Ponugoti and Vinod M. Janardhanan*, A mechanistic kinetic model for biogas dry reforming, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 59, 14737–14746 (2020) (https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.0c02433)

  9. 2019

  10. Sweta Lal, Melepurath Deepa*, Kirti Chandra Sahu, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Methanol based fuel cell on paper support with N-doped graphene oxide/nickel cobaltite composite catalyst, J. Electrochem. Soc., 166, F190-F197 (2019) (doi:10.1149/2.0301904jes)
  11. Anusree Unnikrishnan, N Rajalakshmi, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Kinetics of electrochemical charge transfer in HT-PEM fuel cells, Electrochim. Acta , 293, 128-140 (2019) (doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2018.09.171)

  12. 2018

  13. S. Chandra, Sweta Lal, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Kirti Chandra Sahu, Melepurath Deepa*, Ethanol based fuel cell on paper support, J. Power Sources , 396, 725-733 (2018) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2018.06.068)
  14. Anusree Unnikrishnan, Vinod M. Janardhanan, N. Rajalakshmi, K.S. Dhathathreyan, Chlorine contaminated anode and cathode PEMFC-recovery perspective, J. Solid State Electrochem, 22, 2107-2113 (2018) (doi:10.1007/s10008-018-3921-3)
  15. Anusree Unnikrishnan, N Rajalakshmi, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Mechanistic modeling of electrochemical charge transfer in HT-PEM fuel cells, Electrochim. Acta, 261, 436-444 (2018) (doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.12.150)

  16. 2017

  17. Vivek Pawar, Srinivas Appari, Dayadeep Monder, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, A study of the combined deactivation due to sulfur poisoning and carbon deposition during biogas dry reforming on supported Ni catalyst, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 56, 8448-8455 (2017) (doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.7b01662)
  18. Prakash V. Ponugoti, Sivaram Pramod Boppudi, Naga Mohan Ittagunta, Medha Dakshina Murty Kadiyala, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, A new framework for modeling coal devolatilization and combustion in boiler furnaces, Int. J. Energy Res., 41, 2051-2062 (2017) (doi:10.1002/er.3766)
  19. Sweta Lal, Melepurath Deepa*, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Kirti Chandra Sahu, Paper based hydrazine monohydrate fuel cells with Cu and C composite catalysts, Electrochim. Acta, 232, 262-270 (2017) (doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.02.118)

  20. 2016

  21. Rajat Verma, Sweta Lal, Melepurath Deepa*, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Kirti Chandra Sahu, Sodium Percarbonate Based Mixed Media Fuel Cells Supported on Paper with Au/NiO Catalysts, ChemElectroChem, 4, 310-319, (2016) (doi:10.1002/celc.201600511)

  22. 2015

  23. Vivek Pawar, Debjyoti Ray, Ch. Subrahmanyam, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, A study of short term catalyst deactivation due to carbon deposition during biogas dry reforming on supported Ni catalyst, Energy and Fuels, 29, 8047-8052 (2015) (doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.5b01862)
  24. Sweta Lal, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Melepurath Deepa*, Anand Sagar, Kirti Chandra Sahu*, Low cost environmentally benign porous paper based fuel cells for micro-nano systems, J. Electrochem. Soc., 162, F1402-F1407 (2015) (doi: 10.1149/2.0251514jes)
  25. Chengyi Li, Srinivas Appari, Ryota Tanaka, Yeonkyung Lee, Kyoko Hanao, Shinji Kudo, Jun-ichiro Hayashi, Vinod M Janardhanan, Hiroaki Watanabe,Koyo Norinaga, A CFD study on the reacting flow of partially combusting hot coke oven gas in a bench-scale reformer, Fuel, 159, 590-598 (2015) (doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2015.07.023)
  26. Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Internal reforming of biogas in SOFC: A model based investigation, J Solid State Electrochemistry, 19, 2981-2990 (2015) (doi:10.1007/s10008-015-2909-5)
  27. Srinivas Appari, Ryota Tanaka, Chengyi Li, Shinji Kudo, Jun-ichiro Hayashi, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Hioaki Watanabe, Koyo Norinaga, Predicting the temperature and reactant concentration profiles of reacting flow in the partial oxidation of coke oven gas using detailed chemistry and a one-dimensional flow model, Chem. Eng. J, 266, 82-90 (2015) (doi: 10.1149/06801.3051ecst)
  28. Vikram Menon, Qingxi Fu, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Olaf Deutschmann, A model based understanding of solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) for syngas production by H2O/CO2 co-electrolysis. J. Power Sources., 274, 768-781 (2015) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.09.158)

  29. 2014

  30. Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Dayadeep S Monder, Sulfur Poisoning of SOFCs: A Model Based Explanation of Polarization Dependent Extent of Poisoning. J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, F1427-F1436 (2014) (doi:10.1149/2.0611414jes)
  31. BVRSN Prasad, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Modeling Sulfur Poisoning of Ni-Based Anodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. J. Electrochem. Soc., 161, F208-F213 (2014) (doi:10.1149/2.031403jes)
  32. Srinivas Appari, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Ranjit Bauri, Sreenivas Jayanti and Olaf Deutschmann, A Detailed Kinetic Model for Biogas Steam Reforming on Ni and Catalyst Deactivation due to Sulfur Poisoning. Appl. Catal. A., 471, 118-125 (2014) (doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2013.12.002)
  33. Srinivas Appari, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Ranjit Bauri, and Sreenivas Jayanti, Deactivation and Regeneration of Ni Catalyst During Steam Reforming of Model Biogas: An experimental investigation. Int. J. Hydrogen. Energy, 39, 297-304 (2014) (doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.10.056)
  34. Viram Menon, Vinod. M. Janardhanan, and Olaf Deutschmann, A mathematical model to analyze solid oxide electrolyzer cells (SOECs) for hydrogen production, Chem. Eng. Sci., 110, 83-93 (2014) (doi:10.1016/j.ces.2013.10.025)
  35. Prashil Lakhete, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Modeling process intensified catalytic plate reactor for synthesis gas production. Chem. Eng. Sci., 110, 13-19 (2014) (doi:10.1016/j.ces.2013.05.021)

  36. 2013

  37. Geetha Narasimhaiah, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Modeling CO2 electrolysis in solid oxide electrolysis cell. J Solid State Electrochemistry , 17, 2361-2370 (2013) (doi:10.1007/s10008-013-2081-8)

  38. 2012

  39. Vikram Menon, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Steffen Tischer, and Olaf Deutschmann, A novel approach to model solid-oxide fuel cell stacks. J Power Sources, 214, 227-238 (2012) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2012.03.114)

  40. 2011

  41. VTSR Kumar Reddy, V. M. Janardhanan, and K. C. Sahu, Effects of wall heating on linear stability characteristics of pressure driven two layer channel flow. Chem. Eng. Sci., 66, 6272-6279 (2011) (doi:org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.09.003)
  42. Vinod M. Janardhanan* and Olaf Deutschmann, Modeling diffusion limitation in solid-oxide fuel cells. Electrochim. Acta, 56, 9775-9782 (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2011.08.038)
  43. Srinivas Appari, Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Sreenivas Jayanti, Steffen Tischer and Olaf Deutschmann, Micro-kinetic modeling of NH3 decomposition on Ni and its application to solid-oxide fuel cells. Chem. Eng. Sci., 66, 5184-5191 (2011) (doi:org/10.1016/j.ces.2011.07.007)
  44. Vinod M. Janardhanan*, Srinivas Appari, Sreenivas Jayanti and Olaf Deutschmann, Numerical study of on-board fuel reforming in a catalytic plate reactor for solid-oxide fuel cells. Chem. Eng. Sci., 66, 490-498 (2011) (doi:10.1016/j.ces.2010.11.023)

  45. 2010

  46. Abhijeet Raj, Markus Sander, Vinod M. Janardhanan, and Markus Kraft, A study on the coagulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon clusters to determine their collision efficiency. Combst. flame, 157, 523-534 (2010) (doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2009.10.003)

  47. 2008

  48. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Vincent Heuveline and Olaf Deutschmann, Three-phase boundary length in solid-oxide fuel cells: A mathematical model. J. Power. Sources, 178, 368-372, (2008) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.11.083)
  49. Koyo Norinaga, Vinod M. Janardhanan, and Olaf Deutschmann, Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Pyrolysis of Ethylene, Acetylene and Propylene at 1073 – 1373 K with a Plug Flow Reactor Model . Int. J. Chem. Kinetics, 40, 199-208 (2008) (doi:10.1002/kin.20302)
  50. R. U. Khan, S. Bojohr, D. Buchholz, R. Reimert, H. D. Mihn, K. Norinaga, V. M. Janardhanan, S. Tischer, and O. Deutschmann, Pyrolysis of propane for vacuum carburizing of steel: An experimental and modeling study, J. Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 81, 148-156 (2008) (doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2007.09.012)

  51. 2007

  52. Vinod M. Janardhanan and Olaf Deutschmann, Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (invited review), Zeitschrift f. Phys. Chem. 221, 443-478 (2007) (doi:10.1524/zpch.2007.221.4.443)
  53. D. Lysenkiv, J. Engstler, A. Dangwal, A. Popp, G. Muller, J. J. Schneider, V. M. Janardhanan, O. Deutschmann, V. Ebert, and J. Wolfrum, Nonaligned Carbon Nanotubes Anchored on Porous Alumina: Formation, Process Modeling, Gas-Phase Analysis, and Field-Emission Properties, SMALL, 3, 974-985 (2007) (doi:10.1002/smll.200600595)
  54. Vinod M. Janardhanan Vincent Hueveline and Olaf Deutschmann, Performance evaluation of planar solid oxide fuel cells, J. Power Sources, 172, 296-307 (2007) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.07.00)
  55. Vinod M. Janardhanan and Olaf Deutschmann, Numerical study of mass and heat transport in solid oxide fuells running on humidified methane, Chem. Eng. Sci., 62, 5473-5486 (2007) (doi:10.1016/j.ces.2007.01.043)
  56. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Olaf Deutschmann, Modeling of mass and heat Transport, heterogeneous reactions, and electrochemistry in a solid‐oxide fuel cell, Chemie Ingenieur Technik, 79, 1347-1347 (2007) (doi:10.1002/cite.200750388)

  57. 2006

  58. Vinod M. Janardhanan and Olaf Deutschmann, CFD analysis of a solid oxide fuel cell with internal reforming: Coupled interactions of transport, heterogeneous catalysis and electrochemical processes, J. Power Sources, 162, 1192-1202 (2006) (doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2006.08.017)

  59. 2005

  60. H. Zhu, R. J. Kee, V. M. Janardhanan, O. Deutschmann, and D. G. Goodwin, Modeling Elementary Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, J. Electrochem, Soc., 152, A2427-A2440 (2005) (doi:10.1149/1.2116607)

Selected Conferences

  1. A. Unnikrishnan, N. Rajalakshmi, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Electrochemical Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cells Using Elementary Step Kinetics, ECS Transactions, 80, 57-64 (2017) (doi:10.1149/08008.0057ecst)
  2. D. S Monder, V. G Polisetty, P. V Jampana, Vinod M. Janardhanan, A Distributed Parameter Model for a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell: Simulating Realistic Operating Conditions, 9th IFAC Symposium on Advanced Control of Chemical Processes ADCHEM 2015 – Whistler, Canada, 7–10 June 7 – 10, 2015 (doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2015.09.056)
  3. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Multiscale modeling of biogas fueled SOFC, ECS Transactions, 68, 3051-3058 (2015) (doi:10.1149/06801.3051ecst)
  4. V. Menon, V. M. Janardhanan, and O. Deutschmann, Modeling of solid oxide electrolyser cells: From H2, CO electrolysis to co-electrolysis, ECS Transactions, 57 (1) 3207-3216 (2013) (doi:10.1149/05701.3207ecst)
  5. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Olaf Deutschmann, Efficiency Analysis of Planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell at Direct Internal Reforming Conditions, ECS Transactions, 7, 1939-1943 (2007) (doi:10.1149/1.2729306)
  6. V. Menon, V. M. Janardhanan, S. Tischer, and Olaf Deutschmann, Internal multi-physics phenomena of SOFC with direct internal reforming, ECS Transactions 57 (1) 2475-2484 (2013)(doi:10.1149/05701.2475ecst)
  7. Prashil Lakhete, Vinod M. Janardhanan, Modeling and controlling catalytic plate reactor for fuel cell application, MaCKiE 2013, Feb 4-6,2013, IITM, India
  8. Srinivas Appari, Olaf Deutschmann, Vinod M. Janardhanan,Microkinetic modeling of catalyst poisoning and regeneration during biogas reforming, ISCRE-22, Spt. 2-5, 2012, Maastricht, the Netherlands
  9. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Multi-scale modeling of solid-oxide fuel cells, 7th International conference on clean coal technology and fuel cells, Nov. 8-10, 2011, Fukuoka, Japan (keynote)
  10. Vinod M. Janardhanan, Steffen Tischer, Vincent Hueveline, and Olaf Deutschmann, Modeling SOFC: from micro-kinetics to stacks. Proceedings of the 8th European SOFC Forum. June 30- 04 July, 2008, Lucerne, Switzerland
  11. Vinod M. Janardhanan and Olaf Deutschmann, Towards a better understanding of reforming chemistry within the anode of a Solid-Oxide fuel cell, International Conference on Environmental Catalysis, June 6, 2005, Heidelberg, Germany.


Introduction to fuel cells (Elective)

Chemical Reactor Modeling (Elective)

Solids handling and comminution; Mechanical Separations (Core)

Introduction to process dynamics and control (Core)

Our Team

Research Scholars

Venkata Prakash (2017 Jan - ongoing )
Research area: Modeling of catalyst deactivation during dry reforming of CH4

M.Tech students

Ahmed (2020 Aug - ongoing )
Research area: Laminar flow fuel cells
Chetna Godara (2021 Aug - ongoing )
Research area: Quantification of watergas shift during co-electrolysis in SOEC

Past Students

Dr Srinivas Appari (2010-2014)
PhD Thesis:Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Catalyst Poisoning and Regeneration During Biogas Steam Reforming on Nickel
Current position: Faculty @ BITS Pilani
Dr Sweta Lal (2014 Aug- 2019 March )
Research area: Small-scale power generation using paper based fuel cells (Co-guide)
Current position: Faculty @ IISER Bhopal
Dr Anusree Unnikrishnan (2013 Dec- 2019 July)
Research area: Experimental and modeling studies of high temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell performance under poisoning conditions
Current position: Post-doc @ University of Calgary
Dr Vivek Pawar (2013 Aug- 2020 May )
Research area: Experimental investigation of catalyst deactivation and regeneration during biogas dry reforming
Vamsi Ambala (2017 Aug- 2019 June )
Research Area: Numerical modeling of HTPEM fuel cells
Currently with: BARC
Uma Sai Mahesh (M.Tech class of 2018)
Research area: Exergy analysis of SOFC operating on natural gas
Currently with: Numalighar Refinery
Atul Meshram (M.Tech class of 2014)
M.Tech Thesis: Study of carbon deposition during dry reforming of biogas
Current position: PhD student @ IISc
Venkata Prakash (M.Tech class of 2016)
M.Tech Thesis: Modeling of coal devolatilization
Current position: PhD student @ IITH
Geetha Narasimhaiah (M.Tech class of 2012)
M.Tech Thesis: Modeling of CO2 electrolysis in SOEC
Currently with: Bloom Energy
Prashil Lakhete (M.Tech class of 2013)
M.Tech Thesis: Modeling of catalytic plate reactor for syngas production
Currently with: SABIC